The Archive of the Romanian Revolution of December 1989

A Catch-22 December 1989, Groundhog-Day Production. Presenting the Personal Research & Scholarship of Richard Andrew Hall, Ph.D.

Ioan Itu, “Masacrul din decembrie ’89: Concluziile Procuraturii.” Tinerama, 11-17 ianuarie 1995. (Despre Sinteza aspectelor rezultate din anchetele efectuate de Parchetul Militar, în perioada 1990-1994, în cauzele privind evenimentele din decembrie 1989, Autor colectiv coordonat de Samoilă Joarză)

–In sfirsit dupa cinci ani de tacere acerba, Parchetul Militar a intocmit o sinteza a concluziilor (din care redam cateva extrase semnificative) la care s-a ajuns dupa cercetarile indelungate si laborioase privind ceea ce s-a intimplat in decembrie 1989.  Si cind nimeni nu se mai astepta, procurorii militari si-au demonstrat competenta si profesionalismul intr-un mod transant.  Au demonstrat punct cu punct toate miturile si legendele create de unica Revolutie televizata in direct.  Fiindca Televiziunea a fost (daca ne este permis sa spunem asa) ingerul care a declansat iadul pe tot cuprinsul tarii.  Principala concluzie care se degaja din materialul intocmit de Parchetul Militar este tragica:  dupa fuga dictatorilor nu trebuia sa mai moara nimeni!  Ceea ce a urmat dupa 22 decembrie s-a datorat, in primul rind, incompetentei corupului de comanda al armatei.  Nu contesta nimeni eroisul si curajul militarilor care au iesit in strada pentru a apara Revolutia.  Intre aceste foarte multe subunitati scoase in strada nu a existat comunicare si coordonare, ceea ce a generat confuzii si erori soldate, din pacate, cu multe victime nevinovate.  Peste 900 de morti si mii de raniti.  Generali panicati si panicarzi au dat ordine, incercarea de a combate un inamic inexistent.  Apoi au fost avansati! (Ioan Itu***)


(xeroxat imperfect la Indiana University Bloomington, Main Library, 1995)


extras din teza mea

Moreover, Pastor Tokes has himself become the subject of scrutiny. In 1994, the opposition weekly Tinerama published documents it maintained revealed that ever since the mid-1970s Pastor Tokes had been an informer for the Securitate.[30] Well-known journalist Ioan Itu hinted that the revelation of this fact meant that the story of December 1989 needed to be completely reconsidered in light of this new information.

[30].. Ioan Itu, “Laszlo Tokes nu e un episcop real [Laszlo Tokes is not a real bishop],” Tinerama, no. 178 (12-19 May 1994), 2; idem, “Laszlo Tokes–informator al Securitatii [Laszlo Tokes–Securitate informer,” Tinerama, no. 182 (10-16 June 1994), 3.

numai ca Itu era un fost colaborator al Securitatii:  Marius Mioc despre colaborarea cu securitatea a lui Ioan Itu

extras din…

for the broader discussion in English see Doublespeak: The All-Too-Familiar Tales of Nicolae Ceausescu\’s Double

The DIA variant, so dear to the hearts of Ceausescu’s double and his Securitate counterparts, has a long and fabled history. In the early and mid-1990s, it became a favorite of the opposition to the communist successor regime of President Ion Iliescu—an opposition that included many of those who had suffered most under the old regime. (After being voted out in 1996, Iliescu returned to the presidency in the 2000 elections.) In the opposition press, noted journalists such as Ioan Itu and Ilie Stoian at “Tinerama,” Cornel Ivanciuc at “22″ and later at “Academia Catavencu, ” and Petre Mihai Bacanu at “Romania Libera” promoted the DIA thesis at one time or another.

significantly, Itu didnt just collaborate with just anybody, but–like Sorin Rosca Stanescu–precisely the USLA, from 1978 to 1983 !

The following article, in which Itu exculpated the USLA (Securitate) and attempted to cast blame instead on the DIA (Army)–in part by taking out of context the communication that is recreated–has been used by Dennis Deletant, Peter Siani-Davies, and others to suggest how original understandings of the December events were erroneous.  In twenty years, there has not been a single confirmation that at this moment “army units were attacking their own Ministry” as the article suggests.


By the end of 1993, Itu had become a strong proponent of the DIA theory, which had its roots directly in the former Securitate,




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